PLOTT HOUND

 

 

GENERAL DESCRIPTION

(As adapted from the National Plott Hound Association Breed Standard)

The Plott Hound is a medium sized, muscular and athletic dog.  The head is carried well up, dome is moderately flat, with moderate width between and above the eyes.  The ears are set moderately high and of medium length, soft and with no erectile power.  The eyes are brown or hazel, prominent and with no drooping eyelids.  The muzzle is of moderate length, but not square.  A scissors bite is preferred, but an even bite is acceptable.

The shoulders are muscular and sloping to indicate speed and strength.  The chest is deep, with adequate lung space, and the back is slightly arched, well muscled and strong.  The hind quarters have smooth, round and proportionately wide hips, the flanks are gracefully arched, and there are muscular quarters and loins.  The tail is moderately heavy, strong at the root tapering there, rather long with brush and carried free, well up, saber-like.  The front legs are straight and smooth, with a muscular forearm.  Straight at the knees,perfectly in line with the upper leg.  The hind legs are strong and muscular above the hock, slightly bent at the hock (no cow hock), speedy shaped and graceful.  The feet are round and solid  cat feet, well padded and knuckled, set directly under the leg.

Acceptable colors are shades of yellow brindle, red brindle, tan brindle, brown brindle, black brindle, grey brindle, a maltese brindle( a slate gray, blue brindle).  A grey muzzle is acceptable.  Some white on the chest and/or feet is permissible, but is not permitted elsewhere.  Brindle is a must: no solid color is acceptable.  The coat is fine to medium coarse, short or medium length, and gives a smooth and glossy appearance.  Males are 22 to 27 inches at the shoulder and weigh 50 to 75 pounds.  The females are 21 to 25 inches at the shoulder and weight from 40 to 65 pounds.  The Plott Hound has a variety of voices when hunting, including open trailing, bawl and chop.

BREED ORIGINS

Of the six types of Coonhounds, only the Plott Hound doesn’t trace its ancestry to the English foxhound; and of all the breeds, we can be most certain of the Plott’s heritage and the men most responsible for its development. 

The ancestor’s of today’s Plott were used for boar hunting in Germany many years ago.  Jonathon Plott left his native Germany and came to this country in 1750.  He brought a few wild boar hounds with him.  These dogs had been bred for generations for their stamina and gameness.   In those days, there were no wild boar in this country, so Jonathon Plott used his dogs for hunting bears\ and raccoon.  Plott supposedly kept his strain entirely pure, meaning no out-crosses.  In 1780 the Plott pack passed into the hands of Henry Plott.

Shortly after that time a hunter living in Georgia who had been breeding his own outstanding strain of “leopard spotted bear dogs” head of the fame of the Plott Hounds and came to North Caroline to for himself.  He was so impressed that he borrowed on of Plott’s top stud dogs for a year to breed to his own bitches.  This single cross is the only known instance of new blood being introduced into the Plott Hound since they first came to this country.

Other crosses probably took place around the year 1900.  G.P. Ferguson, who was a neighbor of the Plott family in North Carolina in those days, was a major influence on the Plott breed.  He made a careful study of the Blevins hounds and the Cable hounds of that era.  To what extent he used these bloodlines in his Plott breeding program is not known.

The Plott Hound was first registered with the United Kennel Club in 1946.  Today’s Plotts are known for their great courage and stamina.  They are very effective in hunting coyote, wolves and wildcats, and they have a clear voice that carries well.  In 2006, the breed was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club.

TEMPERAMENT

The Plott Hound is capable of being a good family companion, but in their history they were seldom kept as pets, as most were used for the hunt.  They are active, fast, bright, kind, confident, vicious fighters on game, alert and quick to learn.  They are good with children.  Because he is called upon for independent thinking on the hunt, it is essential that training be accomplished at an early age with a fair but firm hand.  Plott Hounds tend to slobber and drool.

Doing the Job the Plott Hound was Bred For

HEALTH ISSUES

Plott Hounds have the reputation of being on the of healthiest and hardiest of the Coonhounds.  It can eat large quantities of food quick, which makes it susceptible to gastric torsion and life-threatening twisting of the stomach (Bloat).  They should not be exercised after a large meal.

LIFE EXPECTANCY

The average life span of the Plott Hound is 12 to 14 years.

A Plott Hound Treeing a Raccoon

EXERCISE AND LIVING ACCOMMODATIONS

Like most medium to large sized hounds, the Plott is not meant for apartment dwelling.  They do best with a large, well fenced yard or acreage.  The can live and sleep in the outdoors if provided with proper shelter from severe weather. 

The Plott Hound requires a lot of physical exercise, including daily brisk walks or jogs, to maintain their mental health and physical well being.  He should have the opportunity to exercise freely but due to his hunting nature, the area needs to be securely fenced for his protection.

GROOMING REQUIREMENTS

Having a short and glossy coat, the Plott Hound is easily groomed with a good brushing to remove dead and shedding hair.  The ears should be checked often for signs of infection.  After being in the hunting field, they should be checked for torn nails, split pads on their feet, torn ears and fleas and ticks.

 IMPORTANT LINKS

The National Plott Hound Association:     http://www.nationalplotthoundassociation.org/page35.php

Plott Hound Rescue: